New data: child abuse deaths rise, notably in Texas, Indiana

Associated Press - February 02, 2018

According to a report released this week by the Department of Health and Human Services, there were 1,700 fatalities resulting from child maltreatment reported in fiscal year 2016, compared to 1,589 the previous year - a 7 percent increase. The figures encompass data from every state but Maine, as well as from the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico.

Report: Child Maltreatment 2016: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/cb/resource/child-maltreatment-2016

Also: Federal Report: Child Maltreatment Numbers Down, Child Deaths Up: https://chronicleofsocialchange.org/child-welfare-2/federal-report-child-maltreatment-numbers-down-child-deaths-up

Also: United States: Report Reveals Sharp Increase in Child Abuse Deaths: https://www.telesurtv.net/english/news/United-States-Report-Reveals-Sharp-Increase-in-Child-Abuse-Deaths-20180203-0008.html

http://www.santafenewmexican.com/news/new-data-child-abuse-deaths-rise-notably-in-texas-indiana/article_4eb78a2d-c7d7-5bf7-914c-7720064c3461.html

Published in Data & Technology

This fact sheet summarizes the findings of an audit of the Department of Children and Family Services’ (DCFS) oversight of Louisiana’s Foster Care Program. The evaluation generally included fiscal years 2012 through 2016 and identified the following issues: DCFS faces significant challenges in performing its required duties, including low staffing levels, high caseloads, frequent turnover of staff, retention of foster parents, and ineffective data systems; DCFS did not always ensure that non-certified foster care providers received required criminal background checks; DCFS allowed nine certified providers with prior valid cases of abuse or neglect to care for foster children during fiscal years 2012 to 2016 without obtaining the required waivers; DCFS management does not have a formal process to ensure that caseworkers assessed the safety of children placed with 68 non-certified providers, as required by policy; State regulations require DCFS to expunge certain valid cases of abuse or neglect from the State Central Registry, which means the cases are not available for caseworkers to consider prior to placing children with providers; DCFS did not always ensure that children in foster care received services to address their physical and behavioral health needs; during fiscal year 2016, 17.9% of foster children in care for less than 12 months had three or more placements, compared to the national median of 14.4%; and DCFS’s performance declined or the percentages of areas needing improvement increased statewide from fiscal years 2014 to 2016 in 7 out of 18 areas evaluated on the Continuous Quality Improvement that related to foster care.

Link to Factsheet

Louisiana Legislative Auditor 
https://www.lla.la.gov/ 
1600 North Third Street 
Post Office Box 94397 
Baton Rouge, LA 70804-9397 

Published in Data & Technology

 The 20th in a series, this report presents a set of 41 key indicators that measure important aspects of children's lives. It draws on various overarching frameworks to identify seven major domains that characterize the well-being of a child and that influence the likelihood that a child will grow to be a well-educated, economically secure, productive, and healthy adult. The seven domains are family and social environment, economic circumstances, health care, physical environment and safety, behavior, education, and health. This year’s report contains a special feature that uses teacher- and student-reported data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11 (ECLS-K:2011) 3rd-grade collection to describe student victimization of peers at school. Findings from the report indicate: there were 73.6 million children ages 0-17 in the United States in 2016, 1.2 million more than in 2000; in 2016, 69% of children lived with two parents, 23% lived with only their mothers, 4% lived only with their fathers, and 4% lived without a parent in the household; between 1980 and 2015, the percentage of all births to unmarried women increased by 22% to 40%; in 2016, 22% of children were native-born children with at least one foreign-born parent; between 1980 and 2015, the birth rate among adolescents declined from 22 per 1,000 to 10 per 1,000; there were 24.3 maltreated children per 1,000 children under age 1 in 2015, more than twice the rate of any other age group; 20% of children lived in poverty in 2015; only 5% of children in 2015 were without health insurance; and in the spring of 2014, about 6% of 3rd-graders were identified as perpetrators of peer victimization. 173 references and numerous tables and figures. 

Printable version (PDF): https://www.childstats.gov/pdf/ac2017/ac_17.pdf

Published in Data & Technology

2016 National Runaway Safeline Crisis Contacts Support.
National Clearinghouse on Families and Youth (NCFY). Runaway and Homeless Youth Program, Family and Youth Services Bureau. National Runaway Safeline (NRS).
2017
https://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/fysb/nrs_crisis_contacts_report_1.pdf

A new report completed by Child Trends, under contract to the Office of Planning, Research & Evaluation at the Administration for Children and Families, examines Healthy Marriage and Relationship Education (HMRE) programs. HMRE programs aim to help youth form healthy relationships and, eventually, healthy marriages (and avoid unhealthy ones) by improving their attitudes, knowledge, skills, and expectations around romantic relationships. This report builds on research that finds that young people's romantic relationships can influence their behaviors and experiences (both positive and negative) during adolescence and beyond.

The report finds that most HMRE programs target and reach diverse-and often disadvantaged-youth populations in a variety of settings. However, these reach more youth ages 14 to 17 than in the 18 to 24 age range, which leads the authors to recommend providing more programs targeted at older youth. Read more about the report's findings and recommendations at acf.hhs.gov.

 

Why Understanding Racial Bias is Crucial for the Responsible Use of Predictive Analytics

Chronicle of Social Change - June 09, 2017

As big data tools like predictive analytics become more prevalent, child-welfare agencies must grapple with implicit racial bias if they want to ensure that it does not cause harm, according to a new white paper published last month by the Kirwan Institute at Ohio State University.

Foretelling the Future: A Critical Perspective on the Use of Predictive Analytics in Child Welfare: http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/ki-predictive-analytics.pdf

https://chronicleofsocialchange.org/research-news/understanding-racial-bias-crucial-responsible-use-predictive-analytics/27179

Polaris released the 2016 data from the National Human Trafficking Hotline and Polaris's BeFree Textline. In 2016, 8,042 cases of human trafficking were reported to the National Hotline and Polaris. Since 2007, 33,680 trafficking cases have been reported through the National Hotline and Polaris's BeFree Textline, comprising the largest available dataset on human trafficking in the U.S.

Download a summary of the National Human Trafficking Hotline and BeFree statistics here.

Reports of human trafficking to the National Hotline and BeFree Textline jumped by 35% in the last year -- an increase that many of you likely felt as you found shelter, investigated cases, provided legal services, or gave local support to thousands of victims across the country. Polaris has been especially encouraged by the fact that more victims and survivors are reaching out directly to the hotlines than ever. In 2016, 24% more survivors contacted the National Human Trafficking Hotline and BeFree Textline for help than in 2015, meaning that more survivors know that we can effectively identify their needs and connect them to you to receive the support they need.

Poloaris is releasing more detailed data about victims than in years past, such as their race and ethnicity. The data also spotlight factors that may have placed these victims at risk, as well as the variety of tactics used to recruit and trap them in a trafficking situation. The 2016 data better illuminate how survivors were most often recruited for sex trafficking (through intimate partners, family members, and those posing as a benefactor) and labor trafficking (through fraudulent job offers and false promises). Additionally, Polaris has stated they are gaining a better understanding of the different ways that victims access the outside world, which helps pinpoint systems where victims could find the support they need to leave their traffickers.

Download the Summary Sheet here. Or check out the updated National Human Trafficking Hotline statistics online, including state-based information, at www.humantraffickinghotline.org/statistics.

Kids Share 2016 report cover

Kids’ Share 2016 is the tenth annual analysis of federal spending and tax investments in children and families. The report finds the children’s share of the budget is projected to be vastly outweighed by interest that will be paid on the national debt. Kids’ Share 2016 projects that absent any policy change, children’s share of the budget will continue to decline. Kids’ Share 2016 offers these detailed analysis on the federal budget, and more. The report was commissioned by First Focus and produced by the Urban Institute with support from the Annie E. Casey Foundation.

Download the report.

Published in Data & Technology
For most young people, family is there to lend a hand with things like rent, groceries, and support as they make the first few steps into adulthood. Unless they’ve been in foster care. Fostering Change commissioned this research to provide an economic perspective on the challenges and opportunities associated with youth aging out of government care. Over three reports we consider:
 
(1) current educational, economic, social and wellness outcomes;
(2) the costs of those outcomes; and
(3) the costs of increased supports in relation to the potential savings and benefits they offer.
 
This series of reports offers important new insights into the economic consequences and issues for youth aging out of care. To our knowledge, no previous study in BC has attempted to estimate the costs of current outcomes and the potential benefits from better preparing and supporting youth from care in the early years of their adulthood.
 
The findings are very clear. First, youth aging out of government care do not receive the same financial, social and other supports that most young people receive from their parents. Second, educational, economic, social and wellness outcomes are poor for many youth aging out of government care. Third, the immediate and long-term costs of these adverse outcomes are very high — hundreds of millions of dollars every year. Last, the cost of increased supports is small relative to the potential savings and benefits to youth from care, and to society as a whole.
OPPORTUNITIES IN TRANSITION:
An Economic Analysis of Investing
in Youth Aging out of Foster Care
READ THE FULL REPORT, CLICK HERE.
Published in Data & Technology
Wednesday, 20 July 2016 10:12

A Practitioner’s Guide to Cost Analysis

The FRIENDS National Center is pleased to announce the addition of a cost analysis page to their website.  On the webpage you will find four briefs that address a three-part framework that were originally released in November, 2015.  The framework was developed in partnership with the Center for Public Partnerships and Research (KU-CPPR) at the University of Kansas (KU-CPPR), and was based on interviews with ten CBCAP State Leads.  State Leads shared their experiences collecting data, identifying stakeholders, and conducting other activities in preparation for analyzing costs related to program activities and outcomes.

As a follow-up to the briefs, a Practitioner’s Guide to Cost Analysis:  First Steps & Cost Analysis Case Study from Children’s Trust Fund of Missouri has been released and is also available on the website, http://friendsnrc.org/activities-that-support-collaboration/cost-analysis.

This new Guide offers:

  • A map to follow in determining where to start with this type of work
  • Recommended action steps for each element of the three-part framework
  • Experiences from CBCAP State Leads shared in the interviews
  • A description of storytelling through numbers, or using social math
  • A detailed case study outlining the experience and results of a cost analysis conducted of CBCAP funded services by the Children’s Trust Fund in Missouri
  • An appendix with additional resources

 

Published in Data & Technology
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