Achieving Permanency for Children in Care: Barriers and Future Directions.

This paper reviews factors that impact the likelihood that a permanent placement will be attained for a child in care. It begins with a review of system-level factors that act as barriers to permanency, including problems in recruiting and retaining prospective foster and adoptive families, high caseloads and turnover among child welfare workers, inadequate resources to assist families, and an overcrowded court system. Case-level factors that may inhibit a child’s likelihood of obtaining a permanent home are then reviewed and include a prior removal history, placement stability, initial placement, and reason for removal. Finally, the paper reviews child and family level factors that impact permanency outcomes, including demographic characteristics (e.g., gender, age, race/ ethnicity), physical and mental disabilities, and parental substance use and mental health. Programs and initiatives that have been implemented to support positive permanency outcomes are then highlighted, as well as key federal legislation related to improving permanency outcomes. The need for increased research to identify successful strategies to recruit and retain foster and adoptive families is emphasized. 19 references. 

Link to Report

Title: Achieving Permanency for Children in Care: Barriers and Future Directions. 
Author(s): Madden, Elissa E.;Aguiniga, Donna M. 
Published: 2017 
Available from: Upbring (formerly Lutheran Social Services of the South) 
https://www.upbring.org/ 
8305 Cross Park Drive 
Austin, TX 78754 

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